You've heard that UNIX is difficult and balk at the prospect of leaving VMS, right? Don't worry. Linux, one of the finest UNIX clones, is not more difficult to use than VMS (actually, I find it much easier), and it's much more powerful and versatile.
Linux and VMS accomplish essentially the same tasks, but Linux' tools are superior, its syntax is much more concise, and has some features missing in VMS that help save a lot of time. (You'll often hear that VMS and UNIX have a different `philosophy'.) Moreover, Linux is available for PCs while VMS is not, and a Pentium-based Linux box can outperform a VAX. I guess this is the reason why you want to swap VMS to Linux.
I imagine you're a university researcher or a student, and that you use VMS for the following everyday tasks:
In the following sections I'm going to explain to you how to do these tasks under Linux, exploiting your experience with VMS. Prerequisites:
bash(ask your sysadm).
Please note that this HOWTO is not enough to acquaint you fully with
Linux: it only contains the bare essential to get you started. You
should learn more about Linux to make the most of it (advanced
features, programming, regular expressions...). From now on, RMP means
`please read the man pages for further details'. The man pages are the
equivalent of the command
The Linux Documentation Project documents, available on
sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/docs/LDP, are an important source of
information. I suggest that you read Larry Greenfield's ``Linux User
Guide''---it's invaluable for the novice user.
And now, go ahead.
This table attempts to compare VMS' and Linux' most used commands. Please keep in mind that the syntax is often very different; for more details, refer to the following sections.
VMS Linux Notes ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ @COMMAND command must be executable COPY file1 file2 cp file1 file2 CREATE/DIR [.dirname] mkdir dirname only one at a time CREATE/DIR [.dir1.dir2] mkdirhier dir/name DELETE filename rm filename DIFF file1 file2 diff -c file1 file2 DIRECTORY ls DIRECTORY [...]file find . -name file DIRECTORY/FULL ls -al EDIT filename vi filename, you won't like it emacs filename, EDT compatible jed filename ditto---my favourite FORTRAN prog.for g77 prog.f, no need to do LINK f77 prog.f, fort77 prog.f HELP command man command must specify `command' info command ditto LATEX file.tex latex file.tex LOGIN.COM .bash_profile, `hidden' file .bashrc ditto LOGOUT.COM .bash_logout ditto MAIL mail, crude elm, much better pine better still PRINT file.ps lpr file.ps PRINT/QUEUE=laser file.ps lpr -Plaser file.ps PHONE user talk user RENAME file1 file2 mv file1 file2 not for multiple files RUN progname progname SEARCH file "pattern" grep pattern file SET DEFAULT [-] cd .. SET DEFAULT [.dir.name] cd dir/name SET HOST hostname telnet hostname, not exactly the same rlogin hostname SET FILE/OWNER_UIC=joe chown joe file completely different SET NOBROADCAST mesg SET PASSWORD passwd SET PROT=(perm) file chmod perm file completely different SET TERMINAL export TERM= different syntax SHOW DEFAULT pwd SHOW DEVICE du, df SHOW ENTRY lpq SHOW PROCESS ps -ax SHOW QUEUE lpq SHOW SYSTEM top SHOW TIME date SHOW USERS w STOP kill STOP/QUEUE kill, for processes lprm for print queues SUBMIT command command & SUBMIT/AFTER=time command at time command TEX file.tex tex file.tex TYPE/PAGE file more file less file much better
But of course it's not only a matter of different command names. Read on.