This section contains information related to "user agents", which means the software the user sees and uses. This software relies on the "transport agents" mentioned above. Many other mail "User Agents" are available now (pine, mush ...) but I haven't found any linux-specific information to tell on them. Please tell me if I'm missing something !
Elm compiles, installs and runs flawlessly under Linux. For more information, see the elm sources and installation instructions. Elm and filter need to be mode 2755 (group mail) with /var/spool/mail mode 775 and group mail.
If you use a binary distribution, you'll need to create a "/usr/local/lib/elm/elm.rc" file to override the compiled-in hostname and domain information:
#---------- /usr/local/lib/elm/elm.rc ------------------ # # this is the unqualified hostname hostname = myhostname # # this is the local domain hostdomain = subdomain.domain # # this is the fully qualified hostname hostfullname = myhostname.subdomain.domain # #--------------------------------------------------------
One thing you want to be aware of is that if you have Elm compiled to
be MIME enabled, you need metamail installed and in your path or Elm
will not be able to read MIME mail you've received. Metamail is
thumper.bellcore.com and of course via "archie".
In the "too cool to be true" category, there is a distribution of
Elm-2.4.24 that is "PGP-aware". To try it, grab the file
ftp://ftp.viewlogic.com/pub/elm-2.4pl24pgp3.tar.gz, which is
elm2.4.24 with PGP hooks added. You configure and build it the same
way you do normal Elm, which means you probably need to add the
patches mentioned above. For what it's worth, I run it here and like
it a lot. Of course, there must be more recent versions available,
While this item is not Linux-specific, it's perceived (wrongly) to be a nagging Elm bug nevertheless. We've heard that Elm sometimes fails with a message that it's unable to malloc() some massive number of bytes. The identified workaround is to remove the post-processed global mail aliases (aliases.dir and aliases.pag).
THIS IS NOT A BUG IN ELM, it's an error in configuration of Elm by
whomever you got your binary distribution of Elm from.
Elm has an enhanced and non-compatible, format for aliases ; you need
to ensure that the path Elm uses for aliases is different from the
path sendmail/smail uses. From the volume of reports of this problem,
it's apparent that at least one major distribution 'on the street' has
in the past been misconfigured. (from
scot at catzen.gun.de (Scot
W. Stevenson) )
The current metamail package requires csh for some of its scripts. Failure to have csh (or tcsh) will cause most interesting errors...
Save yourself the pain : just go and grab the mailx kit from Slackware
2.1.0 or later, which has a nice implementation of mailx5.5. If you're
into building from sources, mailx v5.5 compiles without patching under
Linux if you have
"pmake" installed. If anybody is still
using it, I strongly recommend removing the old "edmail" stuff from
SLS1.00 and replacing it with mailx.
The following also are known to run under Linux. Consult "archie" for details regarding how to find them...