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7. Chinese printing Softwares

7.1 LaTeX + CJK

TeX/LaTeX is a set of printing softwares, of which excellent and elegant output quality have been admiring and adopting out of the academic circles for several years. The CJK is a LaTeX2e macro package, which can let you use CJK (Chinese/Japanese /Korean) literal codes in TeX documents.

You need install TeX/LaTeX first on your Linux system; many Linux distributions been included teTeX/LaTeX already. If haven't, you could install it by yourself. Please link to teTeX HOWTO for more information.

Getting this software

Obtain CJK 4.1.2 from this site:

Bring the demanded TTF fonts home:


You must have a ideal about the teTeX/LaTeX installing directory, $TEXMF, for example, /usr/lib/texmf. And I assume that you will use the ntu_kai.ttf font; if doesn't, make a change to match it.


Adding New Fonts

For example, if you want to change to the Ming style font ntu_mm.ttf, then

Creating CJK Documents

The dominant difference between Chinese CJK TeX documents and general LaTeX ones is that:

This is a demonstration for CJK document:

      \section{first section}
      \section{second section}
      Paragraphs, sections, pictures, tables, references and so forth... 


7.2 ChiTeX

Developed by professor Chen Hung-Yih <>. Operations with the ChiTeX are easy enough just like the English TeX, apart from some special instructions in it.


From here, you can find its vestige:


You should know what's version of TeX installed on your Linux.. On older system, the installed one usually is NTeX while on newer one, it will be always teTeX . How to tell which TeX you've installed, teTeX or NTeX, on your Linux System. Just run the TeX. If the monitor appears

This is TeX, Version 3.14159 
, then it is teTeX. Otherwise,
This is TeX, Version 3.1415N
It is NTeX. Download the exact ChiTeX corresponding to your version of TeX.

It is simple to install ChiTeX. Just put chitex60.tgz(teTeX) or chitexN.tgz(NTeX) and fonts1.tgz, fonts2.tgz under /usr/local. And decompress chitex60.tgz to execute setup program csetup.

# tar zxvf chitex60.tgz
# cd chitex60
# ./csetup

Installing fonts

You can install Chinese TrueType fonts for ChiTeX.


Now, you can take the samples enclosed with ChiTeX to test:

# chilatex math2.tex        (Compiling)
# xdvi math2                (pre-viewing)
# dvips math2               (Changing to PostScript file)
# ghostview        (Using ghostview to view the output)

You can also write a small document to test the new installed fonts:

   This is a test(You should type these words in Chinese). 

For more information, please refer to the homepage of professor Chen.

7.3 Dtop

The Dtop is a Chinese printing software for the UNIX platform, developed by the Behavior Design Corporation. In early November, 1995, it released the version of v1.4, which was composite of five various platforms, simultaneously. The Linux beta version provided the users with a trial of free and endless expiration, which has created another nice Chinese environment for Linux fans. However, the formal version is late for publishing until now due to the tiny scope of business market. It seems that this had been ceased to develop.

How to Get it?

The beta version of Dtop for Linux can download from each school's ftp site:

There are three sub-directories saying respectively,


Storage for binary files and data files of Dtop, which can divide into three major files. After decompressing all files, the disk space demanded is about 40MB.


Storage for related documents of Dtop, which are stored as the file format defined by Dtop. Users can read this papers through this beta version directly.


Storage for references for X version of Dtop, which are stored as the file format defined by Dtop. The X version can access through Linux, IBM AIX, HP-UX, Sun 4.1.x, and Solaris directly.


The hardware required is something like this: CPU 486 DX-33 or later, RAM 16MB or larger, 50MB disk space or so. If there is no enough memory on your system, you will get nuts someday.

Decompress all the files under dtop.linux to a self-selected directory, for example, /usr/local/dtop.

Before implementing it, you must first set environment variable $DTOPHOME, which is the directory that preparing to install Dtop. The $DTOPTMP is a temporary directory for Dtop, which is usually /tmp. The XAPPLRESDIR is the directory for resources files of Dtop, which is set at $DTOPHOME/user .

# export DTOPHOME=/usr/local/dtop
# export DTOPTMP=/tmp

You need to set the Chinese fonts directory used by Dtop.

# xset fp+ $DTOPHOME/pcf.chn

Finally, you have to configure the Keysym matching table, caused by the matching in Linux X, between Keysym and Keycode, is different from workstations. The Keysyms of BackSpace and Delete, for example, are all matching to the same Keycode in Linux X, regarding the behavior of BackSpace as the Delete's in reality . To solve this problem, the Dtop creates a Keysym file, locating under $DTOPHOME/user of which filename is dtop_keysym.linux. After starting X, enter this,

# xmodmap dtop_keysym.linux

Another solution is invoke commands directly on shell:

# xmodmap -e "keycode 22 = BackSpace"
# xmodmap -e "keycode 107 = Delete"

When everything is ready, you can execute Dtop.

# $DTOPHOME/bin/dtop14

You may read all the on-line references enclosed in Dtop for more detailed introductions.

7.4 ChinesePower

The ChinesePower is a Far-East Editor running in X, easy and classified as WYSIWYG. It supports BIG5, GB, Japanese and Korean mixed inputs, and the printing and displaying of PostScript. It can generate GIF graphics of seven colors for documents, which is adequate for Chinese homepages. ChinesePower uses HBF or TTF fonts.

You can get it from,

To compile Chinese Power, you will need HBF fonts and Motif libraries. At first, modify Makefile to fit your system, then

# make
After making, it will generate binary executable files. Then export environment variables:
# export HBFPATH=/usr/local/lib/chinese/HBF/
# export TTFPATH=/usr/local/lib/chinese/TTF/
# export HZINPUTDIR=/usr/local/lib/chinese/dict/
# export CHPOWERPATH=path_of_chinesepower

7.5 EasyFlow

This is developed by wycc <> , which can make simple printing for Chinese documents. Relative information is locating at

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